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Kung Fu Wushu
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Kung Fu Uniform
Kung Fu Uniforms
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Shaolin Kung Fu
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Kung Fu Wushu, Kung Fu Clothing, Kung Fu Uniform, Kung Fu Uniforms, Kung Fu Shirt, Kung Fu Suit, Shaolin Kung Fu, Tai Chi Kung Fu, Qigong Wushu, Wing Tsun Kung Fu, Taiji Uniform

ABOUT  kung fu wushu

This Kung Fu Wushu  is an almost impossible category. This label is attached to almost any martial art that comes from China. It is Kung Fu Uniform generic name for literally hundreds of individual Chinese fighting arts. In reality we should have an entry for each individual Kung Fu style we are interested in, but this would fill entire volumes. However, we will do our best.


This is extremely controversial. Most of what appears here is a summary of what has been learned from Kung Fu Uniform. There are vague references of a King in China some thousands of years ago who trained his men in techniques of hand-to-hand combat to use in fighting against invading barbarians. kung fu wushu first real references of an organized system of martial arts came from a man named General Chin Na. He taught a form of combat to his soldiers which most people believe developed into what is modern day Chin-Na.

The first written record we have of Chinese martial arts is from a Taoist acupuncturist from kung fu wushu 5th century. He describes combat designed along kung fu wushu lines of an animal's movements and style.

Legend has it that a Buddhist monk named Wing Tsun Kung Fu, also called Ta Mo, came across kung fu wushu Tibetan Mountains to China. kung fu wushu Emperor of China at kung fu wushu time was much impressed with kung fu wushu man, and gave him a temple located in Honan - kung fu wushu famed Sui Lim Monastery (Shaolin Monastery). Ta Mo found that kung fu wushu monks there, while searching for spiritual enlightenment, had neglected their physical bodies. He taught them some exercises and drills that they adapted into fighting forms. This became kung fu wushu famous Shaolin Kung Fu system.

"Kung Fu" means "skill and effort". It is used to describe anything that a person Kung Fu Clothing to spend time training in and becoming skillful in. (A chef can have good "kung fu".) kung fu wushu Chinese term that translates into "military art" is "Wushu". As all martial arts, Wushu in its early stages of development was practiced primarily for self-defense and for aquiring basic needs. As time progressed, innumerable people tempered and processed Wushu in different ways. By China's Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911), Wushu had formed its basic patterns.

Intense military conflicts served as catalysts for kung fu wushu development of Wushu. During China's Xia, Shang, and Zhou periods (2000BC to 771BC), Wushu matured and formed complete systems of offense and defense, with kung fu wushu emergence of bronze weapons in quantity. During kung fu wushu period of Warring States (770BC to 221BC), kung fu wushu heads of states and government advocated Wushu in their armies and kept Wushu masters for their own Kung Fu Uniform.

Military Wushu developed more systematically during kung fu wushu Tang and Song dynasty (618 to 1279) and exhibitions of Wushu arts were held in kung fu wushu armies as morale boosters and military exercises. In kung fu wushu Ming and Qing dynasties, kung fu wushu general development of Wushu was at its height. Military Wushu became more practical and meticulous and was systematically classified and summarized . General Kung Fu Clothing of kung fu wushu Ming Dynasty delved into Wushu study and wrote "A New Essay on Wushu Arts", which became an important book in China's military literature.

The latter half of kung fu wushu 20th century has seen a great upswing in kung fu wushu interest of Kung Fu world wide. kung fu wushu introduction of Kung Fu to kung fu wushu Shaolin Kung Fu Products world has seen to it that its development and popularity will continue to grow. Wushu is kung fu wushu branch of martial arts originating in China. It is a modern art that is mainly sport or demonstration. Not an art dating back centuries, but it really has its roots in kung fu wushu circus. Wushu was not practiced by kung fu wushu Shaolin Monks. kung fu wushu most famous Wushu student is Jet Li. He has his roots in Wushu competitions and was Champion for many years. He got his big break in movies and has since made many Hong Kong and American Films.

Brief Wushu History: First systems of wushu raised even before kung fu wushu Kung Fu Martial Arts of Chinese state, but before III-IV centuries there was not wushu in full volume - there existed only military preparation, "war craft". In kung fu wushu beginning it had a form of dancing-military exercises, later became a military subject in special schools. At kung fu wushu end of II century all individual preparation of warrior got kung fu wushu name wuyi. This term kept during centuries and became a synonym to wushu. Wuyi contained juedi (wrestling), shoubo (hand-to-hand combat), methods of weapon combat. Sets imitated hand-to-hand combat, weapon combat, defense from weapon attacking. Teaching was based on sets of formal exercises - taolu - which can be executed as solo, as with partners.

During kung fu wushu "Springs and Autumns" period (770-476 B.C.) and "Fighting Kingdoms" period (475-221 B.C.) greatest Chinese philosophers lived and worked: Konficiy, Shaolin Kung Fu Products, Meng-zi, Zhuang-zi. China received spiritual impulse, which had influence on kung fu wushu developing of all East Asia during kung fu wushu next two thousand years. In I century Buddhism began penetrate in China from India. Not only ordinary soldiers studied martial arts (even some emperors fought on platforms), and by this reason chinese martial arts gradually began merge with philosophical systems and overgrow kung fu wushu level of simple collection of methods of hand-to-hand combat. Possibly, it was kung fu wushu reason due to which they didn't wither during centuries but developed and are still alive.

Approximately in VI century Indian preacher Kung Fu to Kung Fu came to China and preached Buddhism in Shaolin temple near Loyang. Due to legend it was he who founded famous shaolin style of wushu. Due to legend later shaolin monks helped to kung fu wushu second emperor of Tang dynasty - Li Shimin - in returning kung fu wushu throne. Li Shimin allowed to kung fu wushu temple to have its own monk troops. Special term appeared - wuseng (monk-warrior).  During kung fu wushu Song dynasty (960-1279) many monks (inkluding wusengs) went out from temples and became common people. In XIII century shaolin wushu declined due to numerous persecutions on buddhism and mongolian invasion. In 1224 a young man came into Shaolin temple and took monk's name Jueyuan. He had seen a pitiful state of temple's wushu and decided that true tradition is lost. Jueyuan became revive temple's wushu and, actually, created a new style, which is still alive.

In 1219 when after capturing China Chingiz-khan went to kung fu wushu west many Tai Chi Kung Fu and Persians became moved to China. Such people were called "semu" ("men with colored eyes"), they had less rights than Mongolian but more than Chinese. In official documents of Yuan dynasty they were called "huihui". Moved on kung fu wushu east Moslem infantrymen and artillerymen in 1275, due to order of founder of Yuan dynasty "in all places entered in communities of border inhabitants", became peasants. From these people, Arabian immigrants (came to China on ships during Tang and Song dynasties), and Chinese men converted to Islam kung fu wushu "huizu" nation ("moslems") was formed. During more than seven hundred years huizu was indissoluble connected with wushu. They considered wushu as self-defense and as holy action, stimulated Moslem's spirit.

In 1351-1368 peasant's rebellion of "red bandages", headed by Zhu Yuanzhang (who also was a big wushu master), finished Mongolian Yuan dynasty and founded Ming dynasty. Zhu Yuanzhang became its first emperor (dynasty name "Tai-zu"). "Golden age" of wushu began.  In XVI century seaside provinces of China exposed to devastating raids of Japanese pirates. It was Chinese Kung Fu (at this moment he was 27 years old) whom was ordered to "punish kung fu wushu bandits and guard peoples". He was in hard situation: local troops were small, well-prepared Japanese samurais easy defeated bad organized groups of resistances. Qi Jiguang, wushu master, decided to attract detachments of local home-guard from wushu fighters. In 1561 Japanese was defeated in Zhejiang, Fujian and Guangdong provinces. After promoting to general, Qi Jiguang ordered for all soldiers and officers to study wushu. On kung fu wushu base of various systems of military preparing he wrote a treatise "Jixiao xinshu" ("New book of records about advantages [in war craft]"). Due to Qi Jiguang XVI century is considered as turning-point in wushu history.

Ming dynasty is a time of stable systematic developing and of peaceful coexistence of different schools. But nothing is forever. 1644, june, 6. Beijing is captured by manzhu troops. Last emperor of Ming dynasty hang oneself on kung fu wushu fortress wall. Founded a new dynasty - Qing. This dynasty existed during more than two hundred years, up to 1911. Center of wushu Kung Fu Uniforms was moved to secret societies. During XIX century China was shaked by many rebellions against manzhu ruling and dominant influence of foreigners. Secret societies, cultivated different styles of wushu, were targets for striking in kung fu wushu rebellion of "Eight trigrams", in Opium wars, in great people's war of Taipings. Rebelion of ihetuans (1899-1901), also known as "Boxer's rebellion", became an apotheosis of activity of secret societies.

Rout of Yihetuan rebellion followed to death of many wushu masters. But traditions of martial arts could not lose without leaving a trace. During Xinhai revolution (1911-1913) and later, during Warlords Period activity of secret societies resumed with new power. Goverment of Chinese Republic rendered a great assistance to wushu developing. First president of China - Sun Zhongshan (also known as Sun Yatseng) - studied taijiquan Buy Kung Fu Clothing from Cai Guiqin.

 

His successor - Men's Kung Fu Clothing (also known as Chang Kaishi) also didn't avoid martial arts, he visited Guokao ("State test" - something like all-China wushu championship), which were organized in Nanjing (in that time - capital of China) Central guoshu institute ("guoshu" means "national art", during Gomindang ruling it was an official name for wushu), founded in 1928. General Zhang Zhijiang was a rector of this Institute, he was supported by general Feng Yuxiang. Another big organization, developed and spread wushu, was Jingwu Assotiation ("Association of true martial arts") founded in 1909 in Shanghai. Two organizations had branches in all provinces of China (Jingwu Association - also in other countries among local Chinese communities: in Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines etc), great masters worked as teachers. During World War II many wushu masters fought in army or partisan detachments, made theirs contribution in defeating of Japan.

When Communist Party come to power, Kung Fu Clothing called wushu masters to go out from underground. In 1953 since 8 till 12 of November First All-China Sport Games took place in Tai Chi DVD, 75% of it was wushu exhibitions. 139 styles were demonstrated, competitions in hand-to-hand combat (without any gears), weapon combat (on long and short weapon) and lifting of heavy weights (ancient chinese sport) were held. After seeing such a power goverment got frightened. Secret societies were dispersed. Simultaneously a Committee of wushu reforming was organized.


Description

Styles of Kung Fu encompass both soft and hard, internal and external techniques. They include grappling, striking, nerve-attack and much weapons training.

The Shao-Lin styles encompass both Northern and Southern styles of Tai Chi Kung Fu, and therefore are kung fu wushu basis of kung fu wushu following outline.

Shaolin Wushu styles
External Styles (Hard, Physical)
Northern
Northern Shaolin
Chang Chuan (Long Fist)
Praying Mantis
Eagle Claw
Monkey
Drunken, et al
Southern
Southern Shaolin
Wing Chun
Five Animal System (Dragon, Snake, Tiger, Tai Chi Kung Fu Leopard, Crane)
Tiger and Crane Systems, et al
Internal Styles (Soft, Mental/Spiritual)
Tai Chi Chuan
Others (Pa Kua, Xingyi, et al)
Training

Shaolin Wushu Methods
Hard or External Styles
Stresses training and strengthening of kung fu wushu joints, bones, and muscles
Requires rigorous body conditioning
Consists of positioning and movement of kung fu wushu limbs and body, correct technique, muscular strength, speed, etc.
2.Soft or Internal Styles
Stresses development of internal organs where "Chi" is produced
Allows one to develop mental capability to call upon this "Chi"
Concerned with breathing, poise, and tone of kung fu wushu core body structures
Long or Northern Styles
Stresses Flexibility, quickness, agility, and balance similar to kung fu wushu attributes of a trained and well-conditioned gymnast
Uses many kicks along with hand techniques
Legs specialize in long-range tactics
Short or Southern
Stresses close-range tactics, power, and stability
Uses mostly hand techniques
Kung Fu almost always seems to incorporate forms and routines. They emphasize solo practice as well as group practice. (They even have forms for two or more people). They train in multiple types of weapons. There is also a great emphasis on sparring in kung fu wushu harder styles, and sensitivity training in kung fu wushu soft styles.


 



Introduction to Kung Fu

Mount Wudang is located southwest of Dangjiangkou City, northwest of Hubei Province, China. Some local people call it another name as Mount TaiHe or Mount XuanYue. Mount Wudang is perhaps the most famous Taoism holy land in China.
It is heard the Taoism deity Zhenwu practiced alchemitry here and succeeded in possessing Golden Elixir at last. Later his body changed into brilliant light and disappeared. Besides Taoism alchemitry, Mount Wudang is the birthplace of Wudang school Kung Fu (martial arts). The name of Wudang in Chinese characters has the meaning “Deserve nothing when there is no genuine Kung Fu”----Here the genuine Kung Fu means the good foundation of internal Kung Fu (Inner Qigong or initial phase of alchemitry) upon which the martial arts build up to deserve enduring test.

Mount Wudang covers an area of 321 square kilometers wide, with very rich beautiful sceneries and culture relics. The main tourist resorts include: three ponds, nine springs, nine wells, nine platforms, ten pools, ten stones, eleven caves, thirty six cliffs and seventy two peaks, all of them compose incomparable Chinese traditional mount-water drawings.
Dotted in Mount Wudang most of Taoism buildings were constructed in Ming Dynasty. There exist recordings in history books detailed the whole process.

Taoism, the indigenous religion mode in China, gradually formed into its special existence and can be found in so many mountains in China that people may wonder why the temples in Wudang become so grand with no competitor. In fact, it has close connection with Emperor Zhuli of Ming Dynasty.

 

The ming Dynasty emperor Zhuli ordered the construction of Mount Wudang after part of construction work--- Ancestor Temple, Heaven Alter, State Administration Altar, etc--- in Forbidden City in Beijing came to the end., 300 thousand of construction workers came to Mount Wudang to initialize the work starting from Purity and Happiness Palace in Danjiangkou City to Golden Top in Mount Wudang, which covering a distance of more than 70 kilometers. After 13 consecutive years of laboring there gradually formed the nine temples, nine palaces, twelve Chinese booth, thirty six halls, thirty nine bridges and seventy two cave temples. These construction works juncture one after another in different mode --- mostly by ancient plant road built along cliffs--and no gap emerge at any point. In such long panorama there are altogether 33 large building clusters with construction area totals 1.6 million square meters, which twice the area of Forbidden City in Beijing. The grandness of whole buildings, together with its rich construction skills, artistic value and history value, meets no counterparts in the long Chinese history in developing a specific mountain area.

In every perspective, the imperial veneration and deity loftiness permeates and mixes into each other, setting off at large their influence at the background of dropping cliffs, deep valleys, steep slopes, waving ridges and rushing water falls, thus wonderfully accomplishing the great unification of natural beauty and human’s cultural art.

In addition to its beautiful scenery, Mount Wudang gets its name for its rich Taoism culture. Wudang Kung Fu, founded by master Zhang Sanfeng, gets an equal status as Shaolin Kung Fu in China. Such Kung Fu arts emphasizes the inner Kung Fu training (alchemitry) and advocates to launch attack later and overcoming hardness with softness. So, its uniqueness set itself a very different school in so many Kung Fu schools in China history.


Besides the beautiful sceneries, the old Taoism buildings constructed over a long span of ancient Chinese dynasties deserve the calling of construction miracle in the whole world. In Tang Dynasty (627-649 A.C) the emperor Li Shimin ordered the construction of Five Dragon Ancestral Temple. As the time goes on to Song Dynasty, the Taoism mode based upon the worshipping Emperor Zhenwu and serving feudal administration developed to the prime phase. In Ming Dynasty, Emperor Zhuli entitled Mount Wudand as “Grand Mountain.” Only at this period of time Mount Wudang evolved to reach its most flourishing moment and became the imperial temple and the Taoism activity center.
 

Taoist followers began to construct Taoism temples in Mount Wudang in Tang dynasty. Although in Song Dynasty there constructed some part, yet not until in Ming Dynasty there had been no large construction activity. Emperor Zhuli snatched the throne from his nephew by killing all his nephew’s family members. This act severely violated the normal feudal ethic and intimidates his control in later days. In order to make his ascending throne more rational he began to advocate the so-called theory of “deity offers throne” and he got the order from Great Emperor Zhenwu. Later when he succeeded in consolidating his control he began to reward the goodness by ordering the large construction work in Mount Wudang after finishing Forbidden City in Beijing. Emperor Zhulin also named the Great Emperor Zhenwu as the main protector for imperial court, thus the prime time of Mount Wudang began to open up its heavy curtain. The subsequent emperors in Ming Dynasty also regarded Moun Wudang as their imperial temple which can protect them and guard against any evil. So, at the end of Ming Dynasty Mount Wudang really emerged as the No. 1 Taoism Mountain in China and in the later several hundreds of years of development its followers spread to many parts of the world and its influence still remains very strong enough.

The emperors in Ming Dynasty offered so many deity statues, sacrifice utensils, sacrifice tools, curtains, flags, etc. that many people called Mount Wudang as the “Gold and Silver World” because of its rich resources.


Siu Lim Tao(小念頭) is Wing Chun's first form. Translated as 'Way of the little Idea', the practitioner uses the form to study and perfect certain Wing Chun techniques and principles. These include the centreline - the centre of the body which must be protected; elbow position; leg strengthening; basic techniques; use of energy (in the last few inches) and body limits. The form is learnt in the class and practiced at home, lasting anything from five to forty-five minutes, with about twenty minutes being the generally accepted time limit.

Chum Kiu (尋拳)('Seeking the Bridge') is Wing Chun's second form and introduces the practitioner to stepping, turning and moving the body in the correct way to face different directions. It also contains some of the Wing Chun kicks, all of which are low for maximum effect and minimum risk.

Wing Chun's last hand form is called Biu Gee(標指), literally translated as 'Shooting Fingers'. Traditionally a secret form only taught to close and loyal students, Biu Tze is the emergency form of Wing Chun, allowing the practitioner to view possible mistakes or wrong positions, and offers solutions to those problems. The third form also allows the practitioner to train his or her elbow strikes, a powerful close range weapon.

Following on from the three hand forms are the more advanced forms of Wing Chun - the Wooden Dummy(木人樁), the Pole form(六點半棍) and the Knife form(八斬刀). All these continue on from the hand forms and progress the training, through correct positioning and use of the weapons, more energy and strength is built up. The Wooden Dummy provides a useful 24hr-training tool to use for positioning, footwork and training energy.

Chi Sau(黐手), or 'Sticking Hands', is the backbone of Wing Chun and the training that bridges the forms and free-fighting. Rather than sparring, Chi Sau gives two practitioners the opportunity to test and explore each other's strengths and weaknesses, allowing a unique and unplanned learning process to take place. Chi Sau practice should be viewed as a game rather than a competition. Chi Sau helps to hone footwork, reflexes, positioning, techniques, energy and the automatic response to a situation for which Wing Chun has become famous. Chi Sau has some similarities to Tai Chi's pushing hands.

KUNG-FU IS A SYSTEM THAT ACCENTUATES SPEED, AGILITY AND CIRCULAR FLOW WHICH DO NOT REQUIRE PHYSICAL STRENGTH.


What is a Kung-Fu Class like?
A typical class lasts between one and one half to two hours, where men and women study together. The first part of class includes physical and breathing exercises to prepare the student for the energetic techniques used in Wu Shu, which also provides an excellent method of weight reduction and body conditioning. The students learn: punching, kicking, hand techniques, springing leg forms, stances, rolls, how to fall, and various breathing forms. Within 10 weeks, students will feel a definite improvement in overall well-being as they develop their offensive and defensive abilities.

Ever since 1669, when Huang Zongxi first described Chinese martial arts in terms of a Shaolin or "external" school versus a Wudang or "internal" school,[1] "Shaolin" has been used as a synonym for "external" Chinese martial arts regardless of whether or not the particular style in question has any connection to the Shaolin Monastery, especially since 1784, when the Boxing Classic: Essential Boxing Methods[2] made the earliest extant reference to the Shaolin Monastery as Chinese boxing's place of origin.[3]

Moreover, since the beginning of the 17th century, the Shaolin Monastery has been famous enough that martial artists have capitalized on its name by claiming possession of the original, authentic Shaolin teachings.[4]

Contents [hide]
1 Bodhidharma
1.1 Legend
1.2 History
2 Shaolin Kung Fu in the Tang Dynasty (618–907)
3 Shaolin Kung Fu in the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644)
3.1 Shaolin Kung Fu versus the pirates
4 Influence outside of China
5 Popular Shaolin martial arts outside of China
6 References
7 See also
8 External links